CNN reported on March 3rd, 2005, that archaeologists had discovered a group of giant figures scraped into the hills of Peru's southern coastal desert.
The report says that about 50 giant figures were etched into the earth over an area of roughly 90 square miles (233 square kilometres) near the city of Palpa. The drawings - which include human figures as well as animals such as birds, monkeys, and felines - are believed to have been created by members of the Paracas Culture sometime between 600 and 100 B.C.
The recently discovered designs predate the country's famous Nazca lines.
The giant Nazca designs cover a 35-mile (56-kilometre) stretch of desert in Peru's Nazca Plain in South America. The lines, which form geometrical shapes, also include pictographs of various animals such as giant birds, whales and spiders. The giant Nazca designs were first discovered in 1939 and were added to the United Nations' Cultural Heritage list in 1994.
What is so puzzling is that these designs are so gigantic that they can only be fully viewed from at least 300 meters above the ground. Even today, there are no reasonable explanations for their origin or purpose and or even how the lines were drawn.
The even more mysterious thing about the Nazca Lines is that they are etched into the Nazca Plain, a barren plateau. In 1996, researchers found that the geologic fault zones of the underground water were very closely correlated to the figures etched into the earth.
In 1998, a group of geologists and archaeologists began to try to verify this hypothesis. The researchers surveyed the figures etched into the earth and found that the water-bearing strata were very closely associated with many of the Nazca Lines. The archaeological survey found that, in many locations, the fault zones and the underground springs appeared to be connected to the figures etched into the earth.
Because this theory fails to explain all of the Nazca Lines, researchers believe that these figures etched into the earth must have other functions.
In addition to the two puzzling historic sites mentioned above, archaeologists have also discovered other pre-historic remains that present-day science cannot explain.
Stone Columns and Structures under the Sea
Two hundred meters under the sea along the coast of Peru lie stone columns and huge structures. Since 1968, huge stone structures, including streets, docks, collapsed city walls, and doorways, have been discovered under the sea around the Bimini Islands. These undersea structures are compact and well organised. Without some knowledge of engineering, these structures would have been impossible to build.
The Pre-historic Tunnel under the Andes Mountains
In the 17th Century, a Spanish missionary discovered an underground tunnel in Guatemala, Central America. It extends about 1000 kilometres under the Andes Mountains. In order to protect the tunnel so that it will be excavated only when humankind has mastered enough science and technology, the entrance of the tunnel has been sealed by the Peruvian government and is tightly guarded. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation has listed this tunnel as a world cultural relic.
The German writer Erich von Da¤niken once entered this tunnel. He was extremely surprised to see how wide and straight the tunnel was and that it had glazed walls. There were many exquisite stone doorways and gates and neatly and smoothly finished rooms, as well as a 20,000-square-meter hall. There was also a 1.8 to 3.1 meter long by 80-millimetre wide ventilation shaft. Inside the tunnel were numerous pre-historic relics, including a gold book mentioned in local legends. This well-known writer was totally stunned by the knowledge and precision of the magnificent construction, which surpassed the abilities of modern day human beings.
Daniken took a few photographs of the tunnel, but he refused to disclose more details. He said only that he believed that the tunnel was cut with high-tech equipment including super-high temperature drills, directional blasting by electronic rays and technologies that humankind has not yet mastered.
The Tiahuanaco Cultural Historic Site in South America
The Tiahuanaco Cultural Historic Site at the border of Bolivia and Peru is situated on a plateau 4000 meters above sea level and not far from Lake Titicaca. It was precisely built with huge stones weighing dozens or even hundreds of tons each. Archaeologists also found metal nails in the crevices of the stone. These nails were used to secure the stones. These metal nails were probably made by melting ore and pouring it into stone molds. Most spectacular is the stone gate. This gate, including its base, was cut out of a single stone. Carved on the Gate of the Sun of the Tiahuanaco Ancient City are two pre-historic creatures: "Cuvieronius" (similar to the present day elephant) and Toxodon, which have both been extinct for over 12,000 years. Also on the Gate of the Sun are Circumpolar Stars and their paths, which are complicated but accurate. A large quantity of shells and flying fish fossils have been excavated at the Tiahuanaco Cultural Historic Site, evidence that it was originally a port with perfect docks and wharves. One of the massive docks would have allowed several hundred ships to load and unload at the same time. The stones used to build this dock were between 100 and 150 tons each. The largest weighed 440 tons. Peruvian Professor Posnansky, who made a lifetime study of Tiahuanaco culture, inferred that the ancient city was probably built some 17,000 years ago.
Archaeologists believe that this ancient city disappeared between 2030 BC and 1930 BC.
The discoveries of all these pre-historic remains are very difficult for us to explain. In light of these mysteries, we have good reason to reconsider the history of human beings.
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