I. Ruins in the Ocean
Challenging the Viewpoint of Human History
Studies show scientists now estimate that the earth was born 4.6 billions years ago. Pre-hominid primates did not appear until the Pleistocene time, the Quaternary of Cenozoic, namely the Ice Age, which was about 1.8 million years ago. Based on fossil studies, some scientists believe that social activities and culture did not emerge until Holocene, about 12,000 years ago, during the decline and ending of the last ice age. Therefore, during the next 7,000 years, these cultures didn’t appear to advance much and remained in the Stone Age. Records of writings and symbols first appeared about 5,000 year ago. The era before that time was referred to as the prehistoric period.
However, to the scientists’ bewilderment, more and more prehistoric relics discovered on the ocean floor are challenging this point of view. The architects of the undersea relics not only had ingenious building and artistic skills, but also showed signs of an advanced civilisation. Moreover, they had their own form of writing and were able to build pyramid like structures. Current technology indicates that the area was above sea level 10,000 or more years ago. It is thus apparent that advanced civilisation existed during prehistoric times, long before the Neolithic Period. Due to unknown reasons, these civilisations disappeared and leaving behind only some of the remains of what they once were under the sea. Here is some evidence for their existence.
A City Submerged in the Ocean — Ruins Around Yonaguni Island in Japan
At the southern tip of Yonaguni Island in the Ryukyu Islands, approximately half a century ago, divers found ruins of man-made constructions in the ocean. The site included a square-shaped structure covered with coral, a giant platform with edges and corners, as well as streets, stairways, and an arched building. One could say that the ruins resembled an altar in the ancient city. It covered about 200 meters from west to east, and about 140 meters from north to south. Its highest point reached about 26 meters.
(Right) Giant platform with stairways of the undersea ruins at Yonaguni Island - Professor Masaaki Kimura provided the picture.
In 1986, local divers named this underwater city “Diving Area of Undersea Ruins.” It drew a lot of attention when the news media reported it. Soon after its discovery, the University of Ryukyu formed an “Undersea Archaeological Exploration Team” (UAET), and embarked on an eight-year research project. Under the sea southeast of Shihuan Island and in the surrounding areas, more ruins were discovered, including a construction made of stone, a cave-like structure surrounded by pillars, a statue of a human head, an arch, and geometric turtle statues. The most surprising discovery was the “Hieroglyph,” which was engraved into a stone wall and left behind by an ancient civilisation assumed to be a highly advanced human culture.
If one looks from above, there are streets and farmland surrounding the ruins. The largest ruin was 100 meters in length, and 25 meters in height, and was built with giant rocks. According to the UAET of the University of Ryukyu, a computer-generated model showed that the place might have been an altar of a temple, where the ancients gathered and held worship ceremonies. There were two half-circle pillar caves north of the temple. Archaeologists believe them to be a place for bathing prior to a ceremony. There was an arched gate east of the temple where two giant rocks overlapped each other. The top showed rectangular man-made holes in the rocks. Presumably, the rocks were shaped by machines and used as the city’s cornerstones.
In addition, under the ocean, around well-known “Lishenyan” of southeast Yonaguni Island, a statue of a human head several feet tall was uncovered. Facial features could still be clearly discerned. Later, near the giant human head statue, groups of hieroglyphs were found. This indicates the builders of the undersea ruins were a highly advanced civilisation.
Masaaki Kimura is a professor of geology at the University of Ryukyu. He stated during a September 1999 interview that one could clearly see that they were man-made constructions. There were streets, right angle stairs with round holes in the rock which seemed designed for stone pillar insertion, etc. The discovery of the human head statue and the hieroglyphs, were especially convincing that the undersea ruins at south Yonaguni Island originated from a prehistoric civilisation.
In addition to the findings south of Yonaguni Island, important discoveries were made to the west of the island. In 1990, divers found a giant pyramid built of rocks. This pyramid was 183 meters in width, and 27.43 meters in height. It was built of rectangular rocks, and had 5 levels. There were also several small constructions nearby resembling the giant pyramid. Such mini-pyramids consisted of stone layers, with a width of about 10 meters and a height of about 2 meters.
Geologists from the University of Ryukyu involved in this study concluded that this was a man-made construction, and not of natural origin. Otherwise, there should be a pile of stones from erosion, and yet not a single stone was found. Moreover, there were street-like remnants surrounding the pyramid, which also indicate that this was not a natural product. Geologist divers from Boston University in the United States found that the giant stairs were made of a series of one-meter high rock layers, which resembled a stair-like pyramid. Although one could hypothesise that such a structure was formed by rocks broken by water erosion, such sharp stair sections have never been found that resulted from a natural process. Archaeologists at the University of London believe that the builders had to be at least on the level of ancient civilisations such as Mesopotamia and Indian River.
According to a geology professor at Tokyo University, the area must have sunk around 10,000 years ago, that is, during the last Ice Age. However, based on modern scientific understanding, human beings were still primitives, hunting animals for food then. It is unlikely they would have been able to build such pyramid-like structures. Some people believe it to be the doings of some unknown culture. One may wonder if such an advanced and prosperous civilisation really once existed. Do these undersea ruins exist only in Japan? The answer is No.
The Puzzling Hujing Ancient Undersea City Wall in Penghu, Taiwan
According to records in the ancient Penghu County Archives one reads, “if one looks from high above in Hujing, a long stretch of city wall under the sea can be seen. It used to be called the “Hujing Deep Pool”. In 1982, professional divers found the precise location of the Hujing sunken city.
This ancient wall was cross-shaped. Compass measurements show that it accurately positions the north-south, and west-east direction at a right angle. The wall was built mainly out of basalt stone and had seaweed on its surface. It is about 160 meters from west to east, and about 180 meters from north to south. It is about 1.5 meters thick on the top and about 2.5 meters at the bottom. Some parts are uneven because of erosion, however the interfaces between the stones are very tight. In the north, there is a round plate-shaped construction. The diameter of the outer wall is about 20 meters, with an inner wall of about 15 meters.
At that time, some people thought that the sunken city was actually an extension of Hujing into the sea. However, research by geologists indicated that if the wall were formed of natural rocks, it should be unbroken and of one piece. On the other hand, if it were man-made, it should have separate sections. Moreover, if the wall is very long and straight, it is very likely to be man-made. Specifically, the stones are all of similar size, with right angles, and filler between the stones. Also, the hollow places on the wall were cross-shaped, with flat and smooth interfaces. This completely agrees with today’s construction standards.
Graham Hancock, a British writer, is recognised worldwide for his books, such as Fingerprints of the Gods. In August 2001, he and his wife joined Chinese and Japanese researchers to explore this area. He explained that the stones from the undersea sunken city are clearly different from natural stone structures, making them more likely to be of man-made origin. He said confidently, “Nature does not produce such structures, contrary to man-made structures where great attention is paid to such details.” Apparently, the stones of the Hujing undersea sunken city are positioned exactly from north to south, and from west to east. Also, these stones have very flat and smooth surfaces. They are so closely aligned that only a thin knife could fit in between the joints. Hancock’s opinion is that this has to be man-made and cannot be a natural product.
Hancock also said that, there is currently an established mainstream model in human society. However, this mainstream model fails to explain recent archaeological discoveries. Are structures of today and prehistoric structures somehow connected? In fact, current history fails to explain lost ancient civilisations. These are hints that tell us about them. In other words, it is very likely these findings, such as the Hujing undersea city and similar ones, contain the hidden evidence of past human civilisations.
Ruins in the Bermuda Triangle and Undersea Structures in the Bahamas
In 1958, some U.S. scientists found strange structures during undersea studies in the waters surrounding the Bahamas Islands. These constructions were in specific geometric patterns, stretching out straight for several miles. Ten years later, giant stone-walls, 400-500 feet in length, were found close-by. The extensions formed an exact right angle with the main wall. The wall was composed of giant rocks of more than one foot square. Later, more complex platforms, roads, harbours, bridges, and the like were identified. The entire ruins were arranged like a harbour.
In addition, European scientists found, during undersea research in the Bermuda Triangle, a giant, previously unknown underwater pyramid. The pyramid was 300 meters on a side , and 200 meters in height. There were two giant holes in the pyramid, which were obviously man-made. Seawater rushed through these two giant holes, forming a giant whirlpool and thus creating a vortex nearby. That also made the surface of the water cloudy. It is difficult to estimate when this pyramid was built. It was more than tens of thousands of years ago when the land sank into the sea.
The existence of prehistoric civilisations
The earth was not like this at its beginning. It has experienced countless numbers of crust changes, volcanoes, floods, ice ages, and so on. The earth as it appears now has experienced myriad changes. Let us look at the “Near-Water-Ancient-Land” as an example. This place is 2600 meters deep, and only 90 kilometres from the Japanese Gulf. However, 67-25 millions years ago, it was high above the Pacific Ocean, some 120 kilometres east of the Japanese islands. Therefore, it is not difficult to imagine that if civilisation existed during prehistoric times, natural catastrophes and geographical realignments would change the landscape, and only a very few remnants would be forever kept under the sea.
The legendary Mu civilisation
At the end of the 19th century, British Colonel James Churchward was on garrison duty in India. He was fortunate enough to obtain the Naccal inscription from an abbot of a Hindu temple. It was in a very puzzling language. After many tries, Churchward and a well-known monk deciphered the history of a great prehistoric civilisation. In 1926, Churchward published a book, The Lost Continent about the Mu civilisation.
The Location of the Mu Continent
According to the inscription, the Mu Continent was located in the Pacific Ocean. Mu was a great and prosperous civilisation, which had advanced literature, arts, craft skills, and which had also developed machinery. People at that time had marvellous construction skills, and were able to build giant buildings, pyramids, stone monuments, castles, and roads. It was said that neat and tidy stone roads and canals were found in the capital and all other big cities. All of the walls were shining and decorated with gold. People lived a luxurious life. Residents on the Mu Continent were good sea navigators. It was said they travelled all the oceans. They even developed a powerful colonial empire. At that time, the Mu Continent was referred as “The apex of world culture.”
However, the prosperous Mu Continent disappeared. It is said to have sunk into the water after a sudden catastrophe. The terrible tragedy began with a violent volcano eruption, followed by strong earthquakes and hurricanes. Everything happened at once. The volcanic lava gushed out, coupled with strong earthquakes. The land billowed like sea waves and fire and heavy smoke filled the sky. Everything collapsed like toys, and was immediately covered by lava and seawater. With no warning, all of the Mu Continent sank into the Pacific Ocean.
People might think the story to be a legend. However, viewed from another angle, one can see the possibility of an existing civilisation of human beings.
Undersea relics provide clear evidence of the existence of prehistoric civilisations. However, it is hard to find such discoveries in the textbooks. Modern Archaeologists and historians do not like to challenge existing historical knowledge, as that would be incompatible with current theories. However, we believe that it is only a matter of time for anthropologists and historians to change their acquired notions and to accept the historical truths.
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